India has been the fastest growing major economy in the world, with an average growth of 7% from 2017-18 to 2018-19, and a consistently increasing share in the world’s GDP.
As per the Ministry of Finance, India aspires to become a USD 5-trillion economy by 2024 and a USD 10-trillion economy by 2030.
There are over 4,400 statutory towns and cities in India with around 40 crores inhabitants. At the current rate of growth, urban population in India is estimated to reach a staggering 60 crores by 2030 (WUP, 2018). According to Census 2011, as many as 53 cities in India had a million plus population. It is projected that more than 50% of the country’s population will be urban by 2050 (WUP, 2018).
The National Urban Digital Mission (NUDM) was launched by Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in February 2021, to facilitate electronic delivery of municipal services to citizens across towns and cities of the country.
The hypothesis that urbanization is necessarily beneficial for economic growth cannot be taken for granted. Our cities have to overcome a number of challenges in order to realize their potential as engines of growth. At present, 34% of India’s population lives in urban areas, with a growth rate of 2.4% in the 2010-18 period (World Urbanization Prospects, WUP, 2018). As per 2011 census, Tamil Nadu (48.4%) was the most urbanized among major states, followed by Kerala (47.7%), Maharashtra (45.2%) and Gujarat (42.6%). These four states together contributed to around one-third of the total urban population of India in 2011. States with low levels of urbanization were Himachal Pradesh (10%), Bihar (11.3%), Assam (14%), and Odisha (16.7%). 70 percent of the urban population is concentrated in close to 12% of its cities.
National Urban Digital Mission aims to build the shared digital infrastructure that will strengthen the capacity of the urban ecosystem to solve complex problems at scale and speed. It is built as a public good and provides the ecosystem actors the foundational digital building blocks, ready-to-use platforms, standards, specifications, and frameworks.
To improve the ease of living for citizens by creating a national urban digital ecosystem that delivers accessible, inclusive, efficient and citizen centric governance in India’s 4400 towns and cities.
To enhance the ease of living in our cities and towns leveraging IT & associated technologies and support the existing urban ecosystem systems in a ‘citizen-centric’ approach, the NUDM envisages the following specific objectives:
The current strong public digital infrastructure - including that related to Aadhaar, Unified Payments Interface and wide reach of the Internet and mobile phones (JAM trinity) - provides a strong platform for establishing the building blocks of NUDM.
NUDM will be rolled out across three key pillars
NUDM is designed to respond to the local challenges of the cities and to address citizen needs, such as:
Source : NUDM
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