Naga King Chilli also locally called "Naga mircha", belongs to genus Capsicum of family Solanaceae. Naga king chilli has been considered as the world’s hotter chilli and entered in "Guinness book of world records" (measuring 855,000 scoville units) beating the "Mexican red savana habaneros" (5,77,000 scoville units).
It is grown in districts of Kohima, Mon and Peren of Nagaland, and also been cultivated in parts of Manipur (Tamenlong, Ukhrul, Churachanpur etc) and Assam (Golaghat & Tepur districts).
Chilies, in general, help in treatment of cancer by killing bad cells, obesity through weight loss, diabetes by reducing required insulin to lower blood sugar, heart diseases by preventing/delaying oxidation of bad cholesterol, rhinitis and bronchitis through thinning of mucus, and also reduce chronic pain. It is said to even assist in food preservation. The common properties of chilli are Vitamins C, A, B and B6. They contain high percentage of potassium, magnesium and iron as well as anti-ulcer properties.
Land preparation for transplanting
Field should be well prepared after ploughing to fine tilth. Well rotten FYM/ vermicompost should be applied in pits / hole (@ 4-5 ton /ha) 1 week before transplanting and expose it to sun. The seedlings can be transplanted at the spacing of 75 cm x75 cm. 45-60 days old seedlings are recommended for transplanting. Transplanting can be done in April/ May after onset on monsoon.
Seedlings should be watered immediately after transplanting or can be transplanted on a rainy day and as and when required.
As crop is transplanted in rainy season, timely weeding is required.
Naga king chilli is attacked by many diseases and pests.
Anthracnose and fruit rot
It is a fungal disease caused by Colletotrichum capsici. Necrosis of twigs from tip downwards occures. Spots on fruits usually sunken with black margins can also be seen.
Seed treatment with Tichoderma (@10g/kg seed) is recommended.
Symptoms of Anthracnose in Naga king chilli
Leaf curl of chilli (Tobacco leaf curl virus)
Leaves become small in size, plants become stunted and poor with no bearing of fruits.
Uproot and burn infested plants. Early Spray of Neem Oil @ 5ml/litre of water or spray Dipole (a biopesticide) @ 1-4 teaspoon / 4 litres water to control white fly which is vector for transmission of viral disease. Growing resistant varieties also is useful for prevention.
Symptoms of leaf curl and Cercospora leaf spot
Bacterial wilt and Bacterial leaf spot of chilli
It is caused by Ralstonia solanacearum.
The aphids, spider mites and fruit borer are the major insects.
Insects management - spray of Neem oil @ 5 ml/liter of water after fruit setting to avoid the larval stage of fruit borer and control the aphid population at Economic Threshold Level.