The Government of India, Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched Pradhan Mantri Vanbandhu KalyanYojana (PMVKY) for welfare of Tribals The scheme has been approved for implementation during 2021-22 to 2025-26 with a total cost of Rs. 26135.46 crores.
PMVKY aims at holistic development of tribal communities and tribal areas across the country focussing on integrated development of villages and capacity building through interventions in education and livelihood in convergence
It covers all tribal people and all areas with tribal population across the country.
Improving the quality of life in tribal areas
Improving the quality of education
Qualitative and sustainable employment for tribal families
Bridging infrastructure gaps with focus on quality
Protection of tribal culture and heritage
Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAAGY) - The scheme of "Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub- Plan (SCA to TSP)" was being implemented by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs since 1977-78. After amalgamation of Plan and Non-Plan, the scheme was known as ‘Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS)’ since 2017. Under SCA to TSS, funds were provided to the State Governments for various projects in sectors like education, health, agriculture, skill development, employment-cum-income generation, etc. To further and improve basic services and facilities in villages with significant tribal population, it has been decided to revamp SCA to TSS into ‘Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAAGY)’ for integrated development of villages in an outcome-oriented and time- bound manner. Under the Scheme, 36,428 villages having at least 50% tribal population and 500 STs across States / UTs with notified STs have been identified for undertaking development programmes / activities through convergence approach to bridge gaps prominently in 8 sectors of development viz. Road connectivity (Internal and Inter village /block), Telecom connectivity (Mobile /internet), School, Anganwadi Centres, Health Sub-Centre, Drinking water facility, Drainage and solid waste management. To view the complete guidelines, click here.
Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) : The Scheme of Development of PVTGs aims at planning for their socio-economic development in a comprehensive manner while retaining the culture and heritage of the communities by adopting habitat level development approach. Under this scheme, financial assistance is provided to the State/UT Governments based on their proposals for development of tribal people in the important sectors of development such as education, housing, livelihood health etc. Under the schemes Development of PVTGs funds are provided to the State governments / UTs to carry out various development activities based on their proposal. Government in Budget 2023-24 has made announcement of Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development (PM-PVTG) Mission. The mission is aimed to improve socio- economic conditions of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) by saturating PVTG families and habitations with basic facilities such as safe housing, clean drinking water and sanitation, improved access to education, health and nutrition, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities.
Support to Tribal Research Institutes : Under the schemes Support to TRIs funds are provided to the State governments / UTs research, documentation etc. based on their proposal.
Pre-Matric Scholarship : It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented through respective State/UT administrations. This is an open-ended Scheme covering all ST students studying in Std. IXth & Xth, whose parental annual income is up to Rs. 2.50 lakhs. The contribution from Government of India is 75% and the state contribution is 25%. In respect of North East states and hilly states, the contribution from Government of India is 90% and the state contribution is 10%. In case of UTs like Andaman & Nicobar without Legislative Assembly and own grants, Govt. of India’s contribution is 100%.
Post-Matric Scholarship Scheme : It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented through respective Ste/UT administrations. This is an open-ended Scheme covering all ST students studying in in class XI and above, whose parental annual income is up to Rs. 2.50 lakhs. The contribution from Government of India is 75% and the state contribution is 25%. In respect of North East states and hilly states, the contribution from Government of India is 90% and the state contribution is 10%. In case of UTs like Andaman & Nicobar without Legislative Assembly and own grants, Govt. of India’s contribution is 100%.