School Nutrition (Kitchen) Gardens have many advantages; some of them are as under:
There is overwhelming evidence that human activities are affecting the climate and this has implications for human health. Plants, trees, vegetable and fruits play an important role in reducing the harmful effects of climate change. Deforestation is one of the major reasons why the quality of air has degraded to an all-time low. The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere etc.
The School Nutrition (Kitchen) Garden is therefore not only good for the School but it is also good for the environment because it reduces the carbon footprint of food by decreasing the number of miles it takes to get vegetables, fruits, legumes and pulses from the farm to Mid Day Meal kitchen. If plants, trees, vegetable and fruits are planted in the School Nutrition (Kitchen) Garden and at home, it will help store carbon from the atmosphere into the soil.
Organic local vegetable and fruits that are in season may be planted in the School Nutrition (Kitchen) Garden rather than transporting food from far away, whether by truck or jeep which uses fossil fuels for fuel and for cooling to keep foods in transit from spoiling thereby increasing the carbon footprints.
Planting trees in the School Nutrition (Kitchen) Gardens shall be an initiative towards reducing the harmful effects of climate change. There are approximately 11.75 lakh Government and Government aided schools India and these School Nutrition (Kitchen) Gardens can have a very substantial impact on the climate.
The Eco Clubs established in the School shall be headed by the Principal/Headmaster/Head Teacher. Preferably, two teachers per School and one class in charge will assist in carrying out activities. All the Students, teachers, and parents of the children may be members of Eco Clubs. The Students Coordinator, in each class may encourage the participation of students. The head of the Eco-Club shall be responsible for execution of the activities of the Club with the help of another Teacher. Plantation activities may be carried out under Eco-Club activities.
The Principal / Head teacher may be the team leader for establishment and maintenance of the School Nutrition (Kitchen) Gardens at School level with the help of students, SMC members, and interested persons from community etc.
Under the ‘flexi fund component for innovative interventions’ in Mid Day Meal Scheme, an amount of Rs 5000/- per School Nutrition (Kitchen) Garden may be utilized for purchase of seeds, equipment, compost etc. on sharing basis between Centre and States & UTs. Moreover, as the power for implementing the scheme with minor modifications from the existing guidelines has been delegated to District Level Committee chaired by the District Magistrate, the committee may rationalize and allot funds on the basis of School specific requirement, within the overall average of Rs 5000/- per School Nutrition (Kitchen) Garden.
Schools may consider each class putting in one to two hours a week, with children taking on occasional extra responsibility for an extra half hour to an hour a week on a voluntary basis or in rotation. Each class can work separately from the others, with some coordination to avoid overlap. The class can be divided into teams or groups which can work on their own beds and also contribute to assigned tasks. This arrangement can foster class pride.
Individual students or small teams can specialize in particular technical responsibilities, with impressive titles such as "Pump Engineer", "Tool Manager", "Security Team" and "Compost King". Children should be able to call on these “specialists” for information and advice. It is very important to decide on a calendar of activities. It is vital to incorporate the activities of School Nutrition (Kitchen) Garden - e.g. when does the garden season begin and end, timings for different activities, planting of vegetables etc.
Children should inspect their crops every day - on the way to class, during breaks, or going home. Establishing this habit early in the year by leading the whole class out for five minutes every morning will be very beneficial.
Plain Terrain is most convenient. Steep slopes need terracing. Stones and pebbles can be used for making walls. Tools may also be provided by KVKs. Some schools manage without any tools or equipment of their own at all.
The main elements are beds, paths, plant nurseries, compost heaps and a garden shed. Activities like construction of boundary wall, levelling of land etc can be take up under MGNREGA. Good water supply provides an opportunity to decide when to plant and when to harvest. If water is scarce or expensive, measures like water conservation, drip irrigation may be taken to optimise water use. Remember that plants need plenty of sunlight (at least eight hours a day).
Compost is rich in nutrients. It is used, in gradens and organic farming. The compost itself is beneficial for the land in many ways, including as a soil conditioner, a fertilizer, addition of vital humus or humic acids, and as a natural pesticide for soil. Compost is useful for erosion control, land and stream reclamation, wetland construction, and as landfill cover.
Rules for Vermicomposting
Organic Solid Waste : Green Waste
Composting in a process for converting decomposable organic materials into useful stable products. Therefore, landfill space can be used for other wastes by composting these materials rather than dumping them on landfills. The green waste from the kitchen of Mid day Meal may be used to fill the land fill for composting.
Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either form above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to place water directly into the root zone and minimize evaporation. Drip irrigation systems distribute water through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters.
Drip Irrigation is an efficient and simple way to grow plants and the major benefits are as under :
It is essential that the garden is safe for children and to ensure this please do the following:
Children can be involved and motivated to create a garden by letting them carry out the following activities :
Last Modified : 3/2/2020
This topic provides information about School Nutri...
This topic provides information about the waste de...