Of the total waste generated in any hospital, about 20% constitute Bio medical waste which is hazardous and need to be properly disposed.
Types of Sharp waste
As per the BMW Rules, sharp wastes are classified in category 4 and include needles, syringes, scalpel blades, glass etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps, which should be treated.
Segregation of sharps
Sharps should be segregated at source by responsible clinical staff
Awareness posters should be displayed at the site of segregation.
Appropriate and different types of wastes containers have to be placed at different points like. In the Ward, OT, ICUs, Clinics.
Blue \ White translucent puncture proof containers should be placed at easily accessible sites.
Sharps should be disinfected and the site of generation should have Hub cutters \ needle and syringe destroyer.
Safe Handling of Sharps
Extreme care should be taken to avoid auto- inoculation.
The syringe is discarded in the colour coded container.
The disposable needles should be never manipulated, bent, broken, recapped or removed from syringes.
The use sharps should never be passed directly from one person to another.
Always one should dispose of his or her own sharps.
Needles in the needle destroyer are discarded in puncture - proof rigid containers after disinfection in 1% freshly prepared sodium hypochlorite solution and never in other waste containers
The puncture proof container should be disposed as per Bio-medical Waste Rules.