India has a high prevalence of oro-dental disease and it is well established that oral diseases are a public health problem and have a great impact on systemic health. Poor oral health can cause poor aesthetics, affects mastication adversely, cause agonizing pain and can lead to loss of productivity due to loss of man-hours.
National Oral Health Programme (NOHP) was launched during 2014 - 15 to strengthen the public health facilities of the country for an accessible, affordable & quality oral health care delivery.
The objectives of NOHP are as under:
Improvement in the determinants of oral health e.g. healthy diet, oral hygiene improvement etc and to reduce disparity in oral health accessibility in rural & urban population.
Reduce morbidity from oral diseases by strengthening oral health services at Sub district/district hospital to start with.
Integrate oral health promotion and preventive services with general health care system and other sectors that influence oral health; namely various National Health Programs.
Promotion of Public Private Partnerships (PPP) for achieving public health goals
The program has two components as under:
National Health Mission Component: support is provided to States to set up Dental Care Units at D istrict H ospital s or below. Support is provided for the following components :
Manpower support (Dentist, Dental Hygienist, Dental Assistant)
Equipments including dental Chair
Consumables for dental procedures
Tertiary Component: For central level activities such as:
Designing IEC materials like Posters, TV, Radio Spots, Training Modules
Organizing national, regional nodal officers training program to enhance the program management skills, review the status of the program
Preparing State/District level Trainers by conducting national, regional workshops to train the paramedical health functionaries associated in health care delivery.
IVRS Oral health helpline
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare launched an IVRS Help line for Oral Health Programme on the occasion of World Oral Health Day on 20 March 2017. It can be accessed through a toll free number by any individual by dialling 1800-11-2032 .
The aim is to
Provide information regarding common oral health concerns;
Create awareness regarding the importance of oral health;
Dispel common myths regarding oral diseases; ·
Provide emergency instructions in case of common oral health diseases.