The National Leprosy Eradication Programme is a centrally sponsored Health Scheme under the National Health Mission of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India. The Programme is headed by the Deputy Director of Health Services (Leprosy ) under the administrative control of the Directorate General Health Services, Govt. of India. While the NLEP strategies and plans are formulated centrally, the programme is implemented by the States/UTs.
The major concern of the Programme is to detect cases of leprosy at an early stage and provide complete treatment, free of cost, in order to prevent occurrence of Grade II Disability (G2D) in affected persons.
India has achieved the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem as per WHO criteria of less than 1 case per 10,000 population at the National level in 2005. However, there are few districts within States where leprosy is still endemic.
“Leprosy-free India” is the vision of the NLEP.
A few major achievements under NLEP are as follows:
Four premier Leprosy Institutes are working under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & F.W., Government of India viz. CLTRI, Chengalpattu, RLTRI, at Aska, Raipur and Gouripur are involved in research (basic and applied ) in Leprosy and Training of different categories of staff involved for Leprosy elimination. These Institutes also play important role in management of referral patients, providing quality care to chronic ulcer and disabled patients with the help of Minor & Major Reconstructive Surgeries. These Institutes also help in supervising and providing consultancy services to the State NLEP Units for better programme planning and implementation.
The Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute (CLT & RI), Chengalpattu was established in 1955 by the Government of India by taking over Lady Wellington Leprosy Sanatorium establish in 1924. Later, in 1974, Govt. Of India had made CLT & RI as a subordinate office of the Directorate General Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare with an objective to provide diagnostic, treatment and referral services to leprosy patients , trained manpower development for leprosy, control/elimination, beside research on various aspects of leprosy and its control.
It has separate wings of Epidemiology and statistics, Clinical, Medicine, Microbiology and Biochemistry laboratories with Animal House Facilities, Surgery and Physiotherapy. This Institute caters services to both indoor and out patients. The hospital has a bed capacity of 124 patients.
To know more, visit https://cltri.gov.in/
RLTRI, Raipur establish in the year 1979 with the aim to provide training research and treatment for the leprosy affected persons.
To know more, visit http://rltrird.cg.gov.in/
Establish the year 1977, the Institute has a 50 beded hospital and works as a referral center for management difficult to diagnose leprosy cases and problematic, complicated and intractable cases of reaction and ulcers. Surgical procedures are carried out regularly and RCS (reconstructive Surgery ) camps have been done in the past . It also works as a nodal training and research center for the cause of leprosy elimination.
The Institute was established in 1984.
The institute is located at a village named Gauripur which is well connected with the district town bankura (12 Kms), Kolkata city (240 Kms) Durgapur town (56 Kms) kharagpur Jn. (130 Kms).
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