Before 15 August 1973, this district was the southernmost of the seven districts of the Jalandhar Division of the Punjab State. On that date, the new Ferozepur Division was formed and Ferozepur District became a part of it.
The boundary of the present Ferozepur District on the east runs along the Moga, Faridkot, Mukatsar and Fazilka districts. On the North-east, the River Sutlej generally separates it from the Jalandhar and Kapurthala districts. The United Stream of the Sutlej and Beas generally separates it from the Taran Taran district in the north-west and farther down from Pakistan, with exception of some areas on each side of river.
Physiographically, the Firozpur District constitutes a part of the Punjab plain, which is largely flat and featureless and is formed of Pleistocene and Sub-recent alluvial deposits of the Indo-Gangetic system. Wind act has also played a part in shaping the relief of the District, located as it is in the vicinity of the Rajasthan Desert. That is why the alluvial surface of the District is strewn with sand-dunes in some parts.
Ferozepore is an ancient city situated close to the present day Indo-Pakistan border. It is believed to have been founded by Ferozeshah Tughluq in the 14th century. Another version claims that it was founded by a Bhatti chief called Feroze Khan. However, the first version is more widely accepted as Ferozeshah Tughluq had a passion for building new cities and renaming old ones especially after his own name.
Firozpur district is one of the important historical districts of the Punjab. The name Firozpur obviously means the town of Firoz. Probably the founder was Firoz Shah Tughlaq (A.D.) 1351-88), as the place must always have occupied an important position on the line of communication between Delhi and Lahore. Anot her tradition, however, ascribes its founda tion to one of the Bhatti chief named Firoz Khan, in the middle of the sixteen century.
Today, a Shaheed Bhagat Singh Memorial marks the spot and every year on March 23, thousands of people gather to pay homage of these noble heroes. Ferozepore has another historical memorial, the Saragarhi Gurudwara, commemorating the sacrifice of 21 Sikh soldiers who perished at Saragarhi in Baluchistan. On 12 September, every year, people gather here to pay tribute to the heroic soldiers and celebrate Saragarhi Day. The memorial service also provides an occasion for exservicemen to have a reunion.
As per Provisional population figures of 2011 Census, the total no of Mandals/Divisions are :
|District Code||31||Short Name||FRZ|
|Area||2406.84 sq.km||No. of Revenue divisions||1 (Ferozepur Division)|
|No. of Revenue sub divisions||3||No. of Tehsils||3 (0 Rural + 0 Urban)|
|No. of Blocks||6 (0 Rural + 0 Urban)||No. of Assembly Constituencies||4|
|No. of Villages||689||No. of Revenue Villages||641|
|No. of Gram Panchayats (Villages Councils)||767||No. of Taluka Panchayats||6|
|No. of Nagar Panchayats (Municipal Councils)||8||No. of Municipal Corporations||0|
|Panchayati Raj Institution Operating at the district level||Zila Parishad|
|Literacy Rate||95% (as per census 2011)||Vehicle Registration No||PB-05|
For more details, visit https://ferozepur.nic.in/