অসমীয়া   বাংলা   बोड़ो   डोगरी   ગુજરાતી   ಕನ್ನಡ   كأشُر   कोंकणी   संथाली   মনিপুরি   नेपाली   ଓରିୟା   ਪੰਜਾਬੀ   संस्कृत   தமிழ்  తెలుగు   ردو

Overview of the Khandwa District

Background

Before the reorganization of the states, that is, on 1 November 1956, the district was officially known as Nimar district and was part of the Mahakoshal region of erstwhile Madhya Pradesh.The western part of the old stone Nimar which originally belonged to Holkar became part of the state of Central India in 1948. At the time of the reorganization of the states in 1956, the Central India region was changed to Madhya Pradesh with some changes and the western part (old Nimar) eventually became a part of Madhya Pradesh Later, the western part of Nimar, which was a part of Mahakaushal region, was separated as West Nimar with the main rhythm being Khargone. From 1 November 1956, the district came into existence as Nimar (East) or East Nimar. The former Nimar district was divided into Khandwa and Burhanpur districts on August 15, 2003.

Places and boundaries

Khandwa district is located in the southwest of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The district is in Indore division of Madhya Pradesh. The maximum and minimum elevations above sea level are 905.56 meters and 180.00 meters respectively. The district is surrounded by Betul and Harda districts of Hoshangabad division in the east and Burhanpur district of Indore division in the south, West Nimar district of Indore division in the west and Dewas district of Indore division in the north.

Administrative divisions

For the purpose of general and revenue administration the district is divided into four sections, Khandwa, Pandhana, Punasa, Harsud divided into five tehsils, viz., Khandwa, Pandhana, Harsud, Punasa and Khalwa.The tehsils are further sub-divided into circles of revenue inspector and Patwari circles for revenue administration.

The Harsud section's headquarters and tehsil headquarters have been shifted to New-Harsud (Chhanera) due to displacement under Indira Sagar Project.

Natural divide:

Most of the district lies in the valleys between the two major rivers Narmada and Tapti. The Narmada River is flowing parallel to each other from east to west in the middle of the district.The Hattith range marks the southern boundary of the district.The major natural division of the district corresponds to two different geographical divisions, such as:

  • Narmada Valley
  • Main Satpura Ranges

Nimar (East) Geographical Contour has a normal elevation of about 1,000 feet (304.8 m) above sea level. But the elevation of East Nimar is uneven from 618 ft (188.4 m) in the Narmada Valley in the west to 3,010 ft (917.5 m) on the Pipradol peak of Hatti Range.

Drainage system

The drainage of the district comes under Narmada and Tapti river systems.The northern range of Satpura forms a water-dividing line between two river-systems. North of this line, except for the low lying areas of Chandgarh and Selani, almost all the water flows towards the northern direction from Chhoti Tawa and Kaveri as well as several small rivers. The north coast of the Narmada slopes to the south.

Geological disturbance

The district is in a seismic zone where mild to moderate earthquakes are possible, although it is a part of the stable peninsular shield of India known as the 'Horst Block' and is the main earthquake belt of India, ie the Himalayan Arch Is outside. The epicenter of the famous Satpura earthquake of March 14, 1938 (2150 ′ E) was close to the western part of the district. The western part of the district comes in MM intensity VII and the eastern part in MM intensity VI.An earthquake of light intensity (micro Earthquake) with sound and vibration was experienced in the Pandhana block between 11 December 1998 and 5 April 1999.

Climate

The district falls in the dry part of India.The average annual rainfall in the district is 808 mm.The northern part of the district receives more rainfall than the southern part.The monsoon season starts every year till 10 June and lasts till early October.The days are very humid.The maximum temperature in the month of May is 45 centigrade and the minimum in the month of December is 10centigrade.

Livelihoods

Agriculture is the major part of the working population. Average farm size per family is low and, adopting the traditional form of agriculture, most farmers are earning only for livelihood.Agricultural labor also accounts for a large proportion of the total population.

Culture

Language : Hindi is a common mode of communication in the urban part of the district. Nimari is spoken in the rural area of ​​the northwest part of the district while Korku, Bhili respectively as a means of communication in the tribal region.The northern part consists of the tribes spoken Malvi and Korku respectively.Gujarati, Rajasthani etc. are also spoken in many social classes, such as Bohra etc.

Religious Life :

  • Pilgrimage Center and Jatra: Omkareshwar Jyortiling (Omkareshwar Mandhata) is a famous pilgrimage center. Throughout the year, pilgrims travel from the country. A fair is held at this place in the month of Kartik, which is attended by many pilgrims.
  • There are about 40 fairs in the district. Singaji Maharaj's Fair in Piplia, Daata-Saheb's Fair in Malgaon, Baba Bukhar Das's Fair in Chhanera, Bramgir Maharaj's Fair in Sewana, Mahashivratri's Fair in Rustampur, Bageshwari Devi's Fair in Borgaon, Kajal Devi's Fair in Punasa, Shriramji In Jamania, in the name of Hanumanji, in Barjhiri, Onkareshwar on Narmada Jayanti and festivities in villages along the banks of river Narmada.
  • The Muslim community is dominated by Urs in Guradiya, Khwaja Saheb's Urs in Rahimpura, Navgaz Pir's Urs in Pokharkala etc.

Folk Dances: The rich heritage of religious dances is still preserved by Rajputs, Gurjars, Korku, Nagar Brahmins and Banjaras.The dance of a Rajput man is known as ger and kimari, while his female-folk dance is called khadaAmong the Gurjars, men perform folk, deep dances.The favorite male dance of the Korku society is Susur, while Gadolia is its female folk.The women of the Gujarati community are folk garba Kathi is a famous folk dance of Nimar.

Demography

Demographic point Values
Area of district  8307 Sq. Km
Number of revenue subdivisions 4
Number of Tehsils 5
Number of revenue boards 22
Number of patwari Cirlces 175
Number of Gram Panchayats 422
Number of Nagar Panchayats 4
Number of Municipal Corporations 1
Number of police stations 15
Number of Revenue and Vanagrams 710 Revenue and Village + 54 
Number of Parliamentary constituencies 2 (Both partial)
Assembly Area 4
Total Population (As per 2011 census) 1310061
Urban Population 259436
Rural Population 1050625
Male Population 674329
Female Population 635732
Scheduled Caste Population  156602
Scheduled Tribe Population  459122
Working Population 612976

For more information, visit https://khandwa.nic.in/en/



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