Giridih District, an administrative district of Jharkhand has its headquarters at Giridih.It was carved out from Hazaribagh District on 4th Dec 1972. The district lies between 24degree 11minutes north latitude and 86 degree 18 minutes east longitude. Lying almost in the central part of the North Chota Nagpur Division, this district is bounded by Jamui District and part of Nawada district of Bihar in the north, by the districts of Deoghar and Jamtara on the east, by Dhanbad Bokaro on the south west by Hazaribagh Kodarma.Giridih District is spread over an area of 4853.56 sq km.
Giridih was previously part of the district called Hazaribagh. The city is located in Chota Nagpur Plateau. The entire region is covered by dense forest vegetation and hill locks. The region is inhabited by several tribal communities residing since ages. Prior to the independence the regions was part of Hazaribagh. Mundas were the traditional rulers of this tribal land. The land remained unexplored until the Mughal emperor Akbar came into power in 1556 A.D. After the succession of Akbar the region became part of Mughal empire. Entire Jharkhand alongwith Hazaribagh was known then referred as Khukra . Later in early 18th century, the region was included in the British controlled district of Hazaribagh. The city has been part of Southwest Frontier Agency under the British rule for a long time. Later in 1854 the name Southwest Frontier Agency was changed to Chota Nagpur. However the present day Giridih city was initially developed by Bihar government before the separation of state.
Giridih is surrounded by dense forest and is located on Central and Lower Plateaus. The Western part of the region of Giridih is located on the Central plateau. The lower Plateau is comprised of undulating surface with average height of 1300 feet. The Northern portion of the lower plateau is mainly known for the table lands. The plateau maintains the height of 1300 feet until it reaches the ghats where the average height is 700 feet. The region is covered with dense vegetation especially by Sal and Teak forests. Other commonly found species are Simul, Bamboo, Palas, Mahua, Kusum, Asan Piar, Kend and Bhelwa. Barakar and Sakri Rivers flows through Giridih and contributes immensely in the biodiversity of the region.
Giridih is a mineral rich region and is bestowed with the best quality coal mines. The mineral rich land also posses high availability of Mica. The blocks Tisri and Gawan are highly rich in ores and minerals that are used by government of India . The climatic condition in the region is generally dry. The most pleasant time to spend in the region is during the winters. Summers are mainly hot and humid. During the month of May, sometime the temperate rises up to 47 degree Celsius. The region experiences monsoon during the month of June. Giridih is situated at 24.18°N 86.3°E. It has an average altitude of 289 meters (948 ft).
Last Modified : 9/16/2020