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Large cardamom Pests

Pest of Major Significance

Insect pests

  • Leaf eating caterpillar: Artona chorista (Jordon,) (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae)
  • Banana aphid: Pentalonia nigronervosa (Goot) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Shoot fly: Merochlorops dimorplrus (Cherian) (Diptera: Chloropidae)

Diseases

  • Chirkey virus disease
  • Foorkey virus disease
  • Wilt: Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. emend. Snyder & Hansen
  • Seedling rot & collar rot: Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. Emend. Snyder & Hansen

Weeds

Grasses
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers (Poaceae)
  • Switchgrass: Panicum sp (Poaceae)
  • Crowfoot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd, (Poaceae)
  • Large crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) (Poaceae)
  • Common barnyardgras: Echinocholoa crus-galli (L.), E. colona (Poaceae)
  • Goosegrass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner. (Poaceae)
  • Wrinkled duck-beak: Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. (Poaceae)
  • Signalgrass: Brachiaria sp (Poaceae)
  • Torpedograss: Panicum repens L. (Poaceae)
  • Southern cutgrass: Leersia hexandra, Swartz (Poaceae)
Broadleaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Lesser swine-cress:Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.( Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • False amaranth:Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purslane:Portulaca oleracea L.( Portulacaceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Broadleaf woodsorrel: Oxalis latifolia Kunth, (Oxalidaceae)
  • False daisy:Eclipta alba, (L.) Hassk. Asteraceae
  • Cock's comb: Celosia argentea L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Asthma herb/Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Yellow spider flower: Cleome viscosa L. (Capparidaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L (Cyperaceae)
Nematode
  • Root knot nematode: Meloidogyne incognita

Pests of Minor Significance

Insect pests

  • Hairy caterpillar: Eupterote spp. (Lepidoptera: Eupterotidae)
  • Aphid: Micromyzus kalimpongensis (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Maize aphid: Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch, (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Stem borer: Glyphipterix spp (Lepidoptera: Glyphipterigidae)
  • Leaf thrips: Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis Bouche, Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Lace-wing bug: Stephanitis typica Distant, (Hemiptera: Tingidae)
  • White grub: Holotrichia sp, (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Green beetle: Basilepta femorata, Jacob, (Coleoptera: Eumolpidae)
  • Rhizome weevil: Prodioctes haematicus Cherro Jat, (Curculionidae :Coleoptera)

Diseases

  • Flower rot: Fusarium & Rhizoctonia sp.
  • Leaf spot: Pestalotiopsis versicolor, (Speg.) Steyaert,
  • Leaf streak: Pestalotiopsis roynae, Speg
  • Leaf blight: Colletotrichum sp.

IPM for Large Cardamom

To know the IPM practices for Large Cardamom, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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