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Guava Pests

A.Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  1. Fruit fly: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) and B. spp (Diptera: Tephritidae)
  2. Fruit borer complex:
    • Castor capsule borer: Congethes (Dichocrocis) punctiferalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
    • Pomegranate butterfly: Deudorix (Virachola) isocrates Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
    • Fruit borer: Rapala varuna Hewitson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
  3. Bark eating caterpillar: Indarbela tetraonis (Moore) (Lepidoptera : Cossidae)

Diseases

  • Guava wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. psidii and F. solani (Mart.) Sacc.
  • Fruit rot: Phytophthora nicotianae Dastur, P. nicotianae Breda de Haan var. parasitica, P. citricola Sawada and Rhizopus stolanifer (Ehrenb.) Vuill.
  • Stem canker and dry fruit rot: Physalopara psidii Stevens & Pierce and Diplodia netalensis Evans.]
  • Dieback and fruit rot: Colletotrichum psidii Curzi./Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. and Sacc.

Weeds

Grasses
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon L. Poaceae
  • Hairy crabgrass: Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Poaceae
  • Egyptian crowfoot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd Poaceae
  • Buffalo grass: Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius Poaceae
  • Cogongrass: Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae
Broad leaf
  • Coat buttons: Tridax procumbens L. Fabaceae
  • Beggar-ticks: Bidens pilosa L. Asteraceae
  • Silk Leaf: Lagascea mollis Cavanilles Asteraceae
  • Canoe weed: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L. Euphorbiaceae
  • Mohanavallee: Loranthus longiflorus Desr. (Loranthaceae) (Semi- parasitic weed)
  • Amaranth: Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthaceae
  • False amaranth: Digera arvense Forssk. Amaranthaceae
  • Asthma herb: Euphorbia hirta L. Euphorbiaceae
  • Milkweed: Euphorbia geniculate L. Euphorbiaceae
  • Whitetop Weed: Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. Aizoaceae
Sedges
  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. Cypraceae
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. Cypraceae

Pests of Regional Significance:

Insect pests

  • Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii Signoret (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell), Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae:)
  • Coccids: Hemaspidoproctus cinereus Green. (Hemiptera: Margarodidae)
  • Guava aphid: Aphis punicae Passerini (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Diseases

  • Fruit canker: Pestalotia psidii Pat. (Mumbai, Mysore, Thane, Dharwar, Pune, Ponta Vally, Himachal Pradesh and Lucknow)
  • Algal leaf and fruit spot: Cephaleuros virescens Kuntze (Mysore, Patna, Lucknow and Sitapur)
  • Styler end rot: Phomopsis psidii de Camara (Lucknow and Bangalore)

Weeds

Grasses
  • Quackgrass: Agropyron repens (L.) P.Beauv. Poaceae
  • Indian goosegrass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Poaceae
  • Lovegrass: Eragrostis tanella (L.) P.Beauv. Poaceae
  • Johnson grass: Sorghum helepense (L.) Pers. Poaceae
Broad leaf
  • Pig weed: Boerhavia hirsuta Willd Nyctaginaceae
  • Shaggy Button Weed: Borreria hispida (Linn.) K. Schum. Rubiaceae
  • Swine Cress: Cronopus didymus L. Sm. Brassicaceae
  • Common Purslane: Portulaca oleracea L. Portulacaceae
  • Launaea: Launea nudicaulis (L.) Hook. f. Asteraceae
  • Sticky spider-flower: Cleome viscosa L. Capparaceae
Sedges
  • Yellow nutsedge: Cyperus esculentus L. Cyperaceae
  • Small-floweed umbrella sedge: Cyperus difformis L. Cyperaceae

IPM for Guava

To know the IPM practices for Guava, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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